Case studies: Special educational needs

Module 7

Classroom management

Be aware of the criteria that apply to pupils with Special Educational Need and Disabilities

The Special Needs Code of Practice, first published by the Government in 2001, indicated that children of any age have Special Educational Needs if they have a

  • Learning difficulty which calls for special educational provision to be made for them
  • Significantly greater difficulty learning, than the majority of children of the same age
  • Disability which prevents or hinders them from making use of the educational facilities of a kind generally provided for children of the same age in schools
  • It made the proviso that children must not be regarded as having a learning difficulty if the language, or form of language of their home, is different from the language in which they will be taught

Children who have SEND include those who have

  • A sensory and/or physical impairment
  • Medical conditions
  • Communication and interaction difficulties
  • Problems with cognition and learning
  • Behaviour, emotional and social needs

A graduated approach to SEND provision is recommended

  • Individual children experiencing difficulties are monitored and evidence gathered
  • School based provision, according to identified need (School Action)
  • Local Authority or other approved external services are involved with monitoring and assessment of pupils (School Action Plus)
  • Individual Education Plans (IEP) and Individual Behaviour Plans (IBP) are written for pupils with SEND
  • Progress, against evidence collected with regard to agreed learning and behaviour targets, is reviewed regularly
  • Finally, the School/parents can ask for a formal, statutory SEND assessment, which can lead to a pupil having a Statement of Special Educational Need and Disability
  • This brings a legal framework to the classroom

From September 2014

  • SEND reforms, prompted by the Children and Families Act (2014), must be implemented. The Act covers coordination between education, health and care needs as well as the requirement to have regard to the views, wishes and feelings of SEND children and young people and their parents. The SENDCo in your school will be able to inform you of any specific requirements from these reforms